Conference Speakers and Chairs: Biosketches

Photo of Ayo Abifarin

Ayo Abifarin
Director, Food Security Program, Africa Region, World Vision International

Before assuming his current position, Ayo Abifarin served as acting director and agriculture manager of the World Vision Liberia Program. He has also held positions at the West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA, now the Africa Rice Center) and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Abifarin earned a B.S. from the University College of Ibadan (London University), Nigeria, an M.A. from the University of Nebraska, USA, and a Ph.D. from Purdue University, USA.

Photo of Akinwumi Adesina

Akinwumi Adesina
Associate Director (Food Security), Rockefeller Foundation, Nairobi

Akinwumi Ayodeji Adesina, a native of Nigeria, is a distinguished agricultural economist with more than 20 years of professional experience in African agriculture. He holds a B.Sc. in agricultural economics (First Class Honors) from the Universiy of Ife, Nigeria, and a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Purdue University, USA. He has worked in senior research positions at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), the West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA), and the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA). In 1998 he joined the Rockefeller Foundation, New York, as a senior scientist for Africa and later served as the representative for Southern Africa, based in Harare, Zimbabwe. He currently leads the foundation's program on markets to raise incomes of poor farmers in Africa.

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Rosanna Agble
Chief Nutrition Officer, Ghana Health Service

For the past 17 years, Rosanna Agble has been head of nutrition of the Ghana Health Service, where she has been responsible for ensuring the effective planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of nutrition programs. She has initiated national policies and programs in advocacy, nutrition behavior change, iodine deficiency disorder, vitamin A, and anemia, among others. Agble is presently the vice chairman of the Board of Directors of Freedom from Hunger-Ghana and is a member of the steering committee for International Anaemia Consultative Group (INACG). In 1997 she received a national award, the Grand Medal for Social Service, from the president of Ghana. Agble holds an honors degree in biochemistry, nutrition, and food science from the University of Ghana.

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Isher Judge Ahluwalia
Chair, IFPRI Board of Trustees, and Visiting Professor, School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland

Until recently, Ahluwalia was director and chief executive of the Indian Council of Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), New Delhi. A graduate of the Delhi School of Economics and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, she has been engaged in policy-oriented research on the Indian economy. Ahluwalia was also a member of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, established by the World Health Organization in January 2000 under the chairmanship of Jeffrey Sachs, which submitted its report in September 2002. She chaired the Working Group on Health and International Economy, which published a report addressing the issue of poor people's access to affordable medicines in general and to antiretroviral drugs in particular.

Photo of Mohamed Ait-Kadi

Mohamed Ait-Kadi
President, General Council of Agricultural Development, Morocco

The General Council of Agricultural Development is a high-level policy think tank in Morocco's Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development, and Forestry. As president of this council, Mohamed Ait-Kadi has supervised the preparation of Morocco's 2020 strategies for agriculture and rural development and served as acting secretary general of the ministry. Previously, he was director general of the ministry's Irrigation Department. He is a member of the IFPRI Board of Trustees, governor and founding member of the World Water Council, and honorary vice president of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage. He is also a professor at the Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine Hassan II (IAV) in Rabat, Morocco. Ait-Kadi received a Ph.D. in irrigation engineering from Utah State University, USA, and a doctorate in agronomy from the IAV in Morocco.

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Tom Arnold
Chief Executive, Concern Worldwide

As chief executive of Concern Worldwide, Tom Arnold leads Ireland's largest nongovernmental organization (NGO) working in the field of relief and development. Arnold began his career with the European Commission, where he worked on agricultural policies and on international development issues. He has also held positions with ACOT (the Irish farm advisory service) and the Ireland Department of Agriculture. He is a member of the United Nations Hunger Task Force and an advisory group to the World Economic Forum Expert Group on hunger and nutrition. Arnold has also been chairman of the Committee of Agriculture of the Organization on Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), chairman of the OECD Working Group on Agricultural Policies and Markets, and chairman of Euronaid, an umbrella body for the major European NGOs dealing with food security and food aid.

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Kwadwo Asenso-Okyere
Vice-Chancellor, University of Ghana

Before becoming vice-chancellor of the University of Ghana, Asenso-Okyere was associated with the university's Institute of Statistical Social and Economic Research and served as director of that institute from 1997 to 2002. Asenso-Okyere's academic interests include economic and business development policies and management, with special emphasis on food and agriculture, health and nutrition, regional cooperation and international trade, and quantitative decision modeling. He holds a BSc. (honors), from the University of Ghana; an M.Sc. from the University of Guelph, Canada; and a Ph.D from the University of Missouri.

Photo of Tola Atinmo

Tola Atinmo
Professor of Nutrition, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Atinmo was the principal investigator of the Nigeria National Micronutrient Survey funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development. He is a consultant on food and nutrition security, noncommunicable diseases, and food and nutrition policy for the World Bank, the World Health Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and the United Nations Children's Fund. He serves on the expert panel of the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF), on the United Nations University/ International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS) African Nutrition Capacity Development Initiative, and on the board of the African Nutrition Leadership Program. He is a member of the executive council of the IUNS and president of the Federation of African Nutrition Societies (FANUS). He obtained his Ph.D. from Cornell University.

Photo of Achi Atsain

Achi Atsain
Professor of Economics and Econometrics, University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, and Senior Research Fellow, Ivorian Center for Economic and Social Research

Achi Atsain has been a presidential adviser and minister of Employment, Civil Service, and Social Welfare in Côte d'Ivoire. He served as mayor of the city of Agou and was a member of Parliament for 10 years. Atsain has published widely on such topics as macroeconomics, regional integration, and sustainable development in West Africa. For the past several years he has been focusing on the issue of good governance and has initiated and participated in several initiatives in this area. He is also a member of the IFPRI Board of Trustees, president of the West African Economic Association, and a consultant to many international agencies. Atsain received his Ph.D. in economics from the State University of New York at Albany, USA.

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Suresh Chandra Babu
Senior Research Fellow, Communications Division, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Suresh Chandra Babu is a senior research fellow and senior adviser at IFPRI, where he heads the Training and Capacity-Strengthening Program and coordinates the South Asia Initiative. Before joining IFPRI in 1992, Babu was a research economist at Cornell University, USA. From 1989 to 1994 he was in Malawi, where he was senior food policy adviser to the Malawi Ministry of Agriculture; an evaluation economist for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)-Malawi; coordinator of the UNICEF/IFPRI food security program in Malawi; and a senior Lecturer at the Bunda College of Agriculture. Babu has conducted development research for many bilateral and international organizations and has written or cowritten numerous journal articles and book chapters. Babu was educated at Agricultural Universities in Tamil Nadu, India (B.S., agriculture; M.S., agriculture) and at Iowa State University, USA (M.S. and Ph.D., economics).

Photo of Nienke Beintema

Nienke Beintema
Coordinator, Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) Initiative

Nienke Beintema is coordinator of ASTI, an initiative jointly led by IFPRI and the International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR). The ASTI initiative involves collaborative alliances with a large number of national and regional research and development (R&D) agencies, as well as international institutions. The initiative compiles, processes, and makes available internationally comparable data on institutional developments and investments in agricultural R&D worldwide and analyzes and reports on these trends in the form of occasional policy digests for research policy formulation and priority-setting purposes. Before joining IFPRI in 1995 as a research analyst, Beintema worked at ISNAR in The Hague. She is a citizen of the Netherlands and received a master's degree in economics from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

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Michel Benoit-Cattin
Coordinator, Human and Social Sciences, French Agricultural Research Center for International Development (CIRAD)

Michel Benoit-Cattin has worked for CIRAD for more than 30 years as a senior agricultural economist. First trained as an agronomist, he then specialized in economics and got his doctorate from the University of Montpellier. He has lived in Algeria, Cote d'Ivoire, and Senegal, working with national institutions there, and he has served as the adviser for 15 Ph.D.'s on development issues in different countries in Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia in the context of collaborative research projects.

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Todd Benson
Research Fellow, Food Consumption and Nutrition Division, IFPRI

Todd Benson, who joined IFPRI as a research fellow in 1999, conducts research on poverty, poverty mitigation, and household economic vulnerability and the institutional frameworks within which food and nutrition security can be assured in Sub-Saharan Africa. Before coming to IFPRI, he was a geographer/socioeconomist in agricultural research with the government of Malawi, focusing on soil fertility management in smallholder agricultural systems. Benson holds a B.A. in environmental studies and water resources from Cook College of Rutgers University, USA, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in geography from the University of Minnesota, USA.

Photo of Godfrey Lukongwa Binaisa

Godfrey Lukongwa Binaisa
Former President of the Republic of Uganda

Godfrey Lukongwa Binaisa was educated at King's College Budo and Makerere College and earned an LL.B. degree from London University. He was appointed a Queen's counsel (QC) and had a private law practice in Kampala. For participating in the struggle for independence, he was imprisoned for a year by the British. In 1962 he was appointed attorney general of the independent Uganda. When Idi Amin assumed the presidency, Binaisa fled Uganda, joining freedom fighters in exile and returning to Uganda in 1979. After Yusuf Lule was removed from office as president, Binaisa was elected president by the Uganda National Liberation Council. He was later removed from office in a military coup. After being detained for eight months without trial, Binaisa escaped with his wife and daughter and was granted asylum in the United States. He returned to Uganda in April 2001 and was granted benefits as a retired Ugandan president. He now spends his time as a farmer and a volunteer English teacher in the primary school in his village.

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Norman Borlaug
Distinguished Professor of International Agriculture, Texas A&M University, USA, and President, Sasakawa Africa Association

Norman Borlaug received the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize for leading the agricultural movement to increase food production in developing countries. He previously served as leader of the wheat research and production programs for the Rockefeller/Mexican government and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). He earned his B.S. in forestry and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in plant pathology from the University of Minnesota.

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Glyvyns Chinkhuntha
Executive Director, Freedom Gardens, Malawi

Glyvyns Chinkhuntha has 21 years of farming experience among small- and medium-scale farming communities and has interacted closely with extensionists, researchers, scholars, and nongovernmental organizations in the farming sector. He has also worked extensively in administration and marketing in both the public and private sectors. His consultancy experiences cover organic farming, micro-irrigation technologies, community-based natural resource management, and environmental studies. He serves on several agro-related boards at both national and regional levels. Chinkhuntha holds Advanced Level Certificates in economics and statistics from London University and is the proud recipient of an honorary doctorate in agriculture from the University of Malawi in recognition of his outstanding contribution to agriculture in his country.

Photo of Kevin Cleaver

Kevin Cleaver
Director, Agriculture and Rural Development, World Bank Group

As director of the World Bank's Agriculture and Rural Development Program since 2002, Kevin Cleaver is responsible for setting the bank's corporate strategy in this area and overseeing its implementation. Cleaver was previously director for Environment, Rural Development, and Social Development in the Europe and Central Asia Region of the World Bank; technical director of the bank's Africa region and manager of that region's Knowledge Center; and director of the Africa Technical Department. From 1987 to 1992, Cleaver managed various agricultural divisions in the Africa region, and from 1982 to 1987 he headed the Nairobi-based agricultural section covering several East African countries. From 1976 to 1982 he worked as an agricultural economist in North Africa and Yugoslavia. Before joining the World Bank, Cleaver was an economist in the Ministry of Finance of the Government of Zaire. Cleaver earned a B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania, master's degrees in development studies and international law and diplomacy from Tufts University, and a Ph.D. in economics from Tufts University, USA.

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Marc Cohen
Special Assistant to the Director General, IFPRI

Cohen joined IFPRI in 1998 and assists the director general in research, writing, and outreach activities. His current research focuses on the world food situation and outlook, biotechnology and food security, conflict and food security, and the right to adequate food. Cohen earned his B.A. in French at Carleton College, and his M.A. and Ph.D. in political science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

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Gordon R. Conway
President, Rockefeller Foundation

Gordon Conway, an agricultural ecologist, was elected the 12th president of the Rockefeller Foundation in 1998. Before joining the Rockefeller Foundation, he was vice-chancellor of the University of Sussex and chair of the Institute for Development Studies. He is the author of Unwelcome Harvest: Agriculture and Pollution (Earthscan, Island Press), The Doubly Green Revolution: Food for All in the 21st Century (Penguin, Cornell University Press), and Islamophobia: A Challenge for Us All (The Runnymede Trust). He has lived and worked in many countries in Asia and the Middle East. He was educated at the Universities of Wales (Bangor), Cambridge, Trinidad, and California (Davis).

Photo of Josué Dioné

Josué Dioné
Director, Sustainable Development Division, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

Josué Dioné has extensive experience in development policies, strategies, programs, and projects, with a special focus on agricultural and rural development and food security in Africa. Before assuming his current position in July 2001, he held several senior professional positions, including principal policy economist at the African Development Bank; senior research specialist and visiting associate professor of agricultural economics at Michigan State University; and regional program coordinator for institutional capacity building in policy research on agricultural development and food security at the Institute of the Sahel of the Interstate Committee of the Sahelian Countries (CILSS). A citizen of Mali, he holds a B.Sc. in agriculture and rural economics and an M.Sc. in agricultural economics from Université Laval, Canada, and a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Michigan State University, USA.

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Bernd Eisenblätter
Director general, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ)

Bernd Eisenblätter is a lawyer and political scientist who has extensive international experience. He has served as country representative and project advisor with the Konrad Adenauer Foundation in Egypt and Brazil; visiting professor at Ein-Shams University, Cairo; head of the Program Department of the German Development Service (DED), Berlin; and director of the Latin America and Maghreb Department of GTZ. He became director general of GTZ in 1996. Among his other honorary positions, he is chair of the Curatorium of the Foundation for International Solidarity and Partnership and a member of the Curatorium of the Institute for Development Research and Development Policy, Ruhr University.

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Mohammed El Mourid
Regional Coordinator for North Africa, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)

Mohammed El Mourid has had an interest in research and development in the arid and semi-arid regions since the early 1980s, and he has coordinated many regional projects on the transfer of technology, agroecological characterization, and community-based research and development. He has served as North Africa regional program coordinator for ICARDA since 1999, and he was previously director of the Dryland Agriculture Center, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Morocco, for 10 years. He holds a Ph.D. in agronomy from Iowa State University, USA.

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Augustin Kwasi Fosu
Senior Policy Adviser/Chief Economist, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

Before assuming his current position, Augustin Fosu, a native of Ghana, was director of research of the African Economic Research Consortium, Nairobi. Until August 2002, he was professor of economics at Oakland University, USA, where he served on the faculty for more than 20 years. Fosu is an honorary research fellow of the Rural Development Research Consortium, University of California-Berkeley. He received his doctorate and master's degrees in economics from Northwestern University and his bachelor's degree in mathematics and economics from Lawrence University, USA. Fosu has published extensively on economic growth and development and labor economics and is coeditor of the Journal of African Economies.

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Eleni Z. Gabre-Madhin
Senior Economist, Environment and Socially Sustainable Development (ESSD) Department, Africa Region, World Bank

Before joining the World Bank, Eleni Gabre-Madhin, an Ethiopian national, held positions as research fellow in the Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division of IFPRI and as economist and commodity trading expert at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in Geneva. She holds a Ph.D. in applied economics from Stanford University and received the Outstanding Dissertation Award from the American Agricultural Economics Association in 1999. Her research has focused on market reforms, market institutions, and structural transformation in Africa. Her recent publications include Reforming Agricultural Markets in Africa (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002) and Transaction Costs, Social Capital, and Market Institutions in the Ethiopian Grain Market (IFPRI Research Report 124).

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Amalia Garcia-Tharn
Food Aid/Food Security Policy, Development Directorate-General, European Commission, Belgium

Amalia Garcia-Tharn is an agricultural economist who has broad experience in rural development, the agriculture sector, environmental issues, the United Nations system, and food security and food aid policies. She has done fieldwork with farmers' organizations in Colombia, Cuba, and Nicaragua. She has also worked for the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) regional office for Latin America and the Caribbean, and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Mexico. She has also served in the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

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Ato Newai Gebre-ab
Economic Adviser to the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, and Director, Ethiopian Development Research Institute

Ato Newai Gebre-ab has been an economic adviser to the president of Ethiopia since 1991 and director of the Ethiopian Development Research Institute since 2000. During the 1960s and early 1970s Gebre-ab worked at the Development Bank of Ethiopia and the Planning Commission. He then worked as a consultant in the United Kingdom and served as a staff member or consultant for various United Nations organizations. He returned to Ethiopia in December 1991. Gebre-ab earned his undergraduate degree in economics from Haile Selassie University, Addis Ababa, and his B.Litt. degree in economics from Oxford University.

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Stuart Gillespie
Senior Research Fellow, Food Consumption and Nutrition Division, IFPRI

Stuart Gillespie specializes in action research that focuses on elucidating the bidirectional impacts of HIV/AIDS and food security and working with African partners to strengthen household and community resilience in the face of AIDS. Stuart is a co-facilitator of RENEWAL (an emerging Regional Network on AIDS, Rural Livelihoods and Food Security, based in eastern Africa). A British citizen, Gillespie earned a food science honors degree from the University of Reading and a master's degree and Ph.D. in human nutrition from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in 1988. Before joining IFPRI in 1999, he worked with various international agencies, bilateral agencies, and nongovernmental organizations on nutrition policy analysis, information systems development, and monitoring and evaluation.

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Carl B. Greenidge
Director, Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA)

Carl B. Greenidge has been the director of the CTA since March 2000. Before his posting there, he served as deputy secretary general and as secretary general ad interim to the ACP Group of States (Lomé Convention) in Brussels. His career has encompassed two other phases. He was first an academic at Wye College University of London and later a lecturer at the University of Guyana, where he was acting head of the Economics Department. The third phase of his career saw him involved in policymaking in Guyana, initially as the secretary to the State Planning Board and Chief Planning Office and subsequently as economic adviser. He was Guyana's longest-serving minister of finance and also held the portfolios of Planning and Trade. Greenidge is the author of numerous refereed articles in international economic and agricultural economics journals.

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Mustapha Guellouz
Director General, President of the Board of the Enterprise Livestock and Pasture Office, Tunisia

Mustapha Guellouz has taught animal science and agronomy at agricultural high schools, served as an extension engineer in the Ministry of Agriculture of Tunisia, and held several positions at the Livestock and Pasture Office. He also worked at the Tabarka Livestock Farm and the Tunisian Poultry Company. In his current position, he is concerned with dairy and meat production, range and forage production for cattle and sheep, and social projects. He earned a B.S. in agriculture education and extension at Texas A&M University, USA, and an M.S. in agricultural economics at Colorado State University, USA.

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Peter B. R. Hazell
Director, Development Strategy and Governance Division, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Before becoming director of IFPRI's Development Strategy and Governance Division in 2003, Peter B. R. Hazell was director of IFPRI's Environment and Production Technology Division. He had previously been a principal economist in the World Bank's Agriculture and Rural Development Department and director of the Agricultural Growth Linkages Program at IFPRI. A British citizen, Hazell trained as a general agriculturalist in the United Kingdom and obtained his Ph.D. in agricultural economics at Cornell University. He specializes in agricultural policy issues related to pro-poor and sustainable food production in developing countries and has published widely on agricultural sector planning methods, risk management in agriculture, agricultural growth linkages, property rights systems in Africa, the impact of the Green Revolution, and the links between agricultural research and poverty reduction, among other issues.

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Franz J. Heidhues
Professor, Institute for Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Germany

Franz J. Heidhues has been a professor of agricultural economics at the University Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Germany, since 1982. He is also chair for development theory and agricultural development policy and director of the Institute for Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in the Tropics and Subtropics. His areas of research are agricultural development policy and food security, financial market development, project planning and appraisal, natural resource management and evaluation, and transformation processes. Heidhues has also held positions at the Institute for Industrial Research, University of Muenster, Germany; and the World Bank. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Muenster.

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Isatou Jallow
Executive Director, National Nutrition Agency, The Gambia

Isatou Jallow has worked in the field of nutrition in The Gambia since 1987, when she became head of the then-Nutrition Unit under the Ministry of Health. In 1999 she was appointed national nutrition coordinator and coordinated the formulation of a national nutrition policy as well as the establishment of the National Nutrition Agency. She has succeeded in placing nutrition on government's development agenda and is responsible for facilitating intersectoral collaboration in the area of nutrition in The Gambia. Jallow serves as secretary of the National Nutrition Council, which comprises secretaries of state of the various departments and is chaired by the vice president, and she is the Codex contact point for The Gambia and chair of the National Codex Committee. She holds an M.Sc. in nutrition from the University of Oslo.

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Hans Jöhr
Corporate Head of Agriculture, Nestlé

As corporate head of agriculture for Nestlé, Hans Jöhr is responsible for providing technical and strategic leadership in the groups' worldwide agricultural raw material supply chain. Before joining Nestlé in 2000, Jöhr served as chief executive officer of AFC Consulting in Brazil, where he engaged in agribusiness and forestry consulting and management. Jöhr is president of the International Food and Agribusiness Management Association and a member of the board of the International Policy Council on Agriculture Food and Trade. Jöhr has a formal education in agricultural economics, completed with a doctorate in economic science and management at INSEAD (l'Institut Européen d'Administration des Affaires, France) and IMD (International Institute for Management Development, Switzerland).

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Kabba Joiner
Director General, West African Health Organisation, Burkina Faso

Kabba has served as vice dean clinical at the University of Ilorin, executive secretary of the West African Post-graduate Medical College, and executive director of the West African Health Community, an intergovernmental organization made up of the five English-speaking West African states. Since 2000 Kabba has been director general of the West African Health Organisation, an intergovernmental organization whose membership comprise the 15 West African states.

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Monty Jones
First Executive Secretary, Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA)

Jones, a citizen of Sierra Leone, has spent the past 16 years working in international agricultural research for development. He has been a breeder at the Rice Research Station in Sierra Leone, coordinator of the Cameroon rice program of the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and the U.S. Agency for International Development, and principal breeder at the West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA), where he developed the world-renowned NERICA rice. In 2000 Jones's work on NERICA led to WARDA's receipt of the prestigious King Badouin Award of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). In September 2001 he received the National Order of Merit of Côte d'Ivoire. Jones holds a B.Sc. in agriculture general from Njala University in Sierra Leone and an M.Sc. in plant genetic resources and a Ph.D. in plant pathology from the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom.

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Angeline S. Kamba
Former Public Service Commissione and Director of National Archives, Zimbabwe

Angeline Kamba spent 8 years as a Public Service Commissioner of Zimbabwe and, before that, 10 years as the first post-independence director of the National Archives of Zimbabwe (also the first black and first woman to hold the post). Before Zimbabwe's independence, Kamba spent many years in university librarianship, first in her own country and then in the United Kingdom, where she and her family spent 14 years in exile. She has maintained an active involvement in international activities, most notably in her appointment to the United Nations/UNESCO World Commission on Culture and Development chaired by former UN Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar. The commission's report, Our Creative Diversity, has triggered an ongoing international debate, in which Kamba is an active participant.

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Amadou Cheikh Kanoute
Regional Director, Consumers International, Regional Office for Africa (CI-ROAF)

Amadou Kanoute has been African regional director for Consumers International since May 2000. He joined the organization in 1990, when he was appointed director for West and Central Africa office, based in Dakar, Senegal. Kanoute has been a tireless fighter for the rights of marginalized consumers. He has made influential presentations all over the world and has been involved in studies on food security-related fields, particularly genetically modified organisms (GMOs), sustainable consumption, food safety, and agriculture issues like cotton and coffee. Kanoute also taught industrial marketing at Le Centre Africain d'Etudes Supérieur en Gestion in Dakar, where he received a master's degree in business administration.

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Mercy Karanja
Chief Executive, Kenya National Federation of Agricultural Producers (KENFAP)

Mercy Karanja has more than 20 years of experience in agriculture and rural development. After serving in Kenya's Ministry of Agriculture, she joined the farmers' organization in 1998 and has spearheaded the involvement of African farmers in policy formulation and international issues. Karanja organized the participation of African farmers' organizations in the June 2002 World Food Summit-Five Years Later and is currently mobilizing African farmers to increase their participation in the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD). She graduated from Nairobi University in 1982 with B.Sc. in agriculture and pursued a master's degree in agricultural extension in rural development from Reading University (UK) in 1993.

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Yemi Michael Katerere
Assistant Director General, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

A native of Zimbabwe, Yemi Michael Katerere has worked in the forestry and natural resources sector in Southern Africa for more than 15 years. As assistant director general of CIFOR, he is responsible for, among other things, coordinating CIFOR's regional activities in Africa, including capacity building. After serving as the chief executive officer of the Zimbabwe Forestry Commission, he became regional director for Southern Africa for the IUCN-The World Conservation Union. He is also a former board chair of the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF). Among his current interests is how people's livelihood strategies are influenced by complex policy and institutional processes and the conservation-development continuum. Katerere has written on various aspects of resource management, including approaches to community-based natural resource management.

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Seyfu Ketema
Executive Secretary, Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA)

Before becoming executive secretary of ASARECA, Seyfu Ketema served as director general of the Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization, Ethiopia's minister of agriculture, and director of the Institute for Biodiversity Conservation and Research and National Coordinator of the Tef Commodity Research Institute of Agricultural Research in Ethiopia. Ketema served as head of various Ethiopian delegations in international conferences, including the Second and Third Extraordinary Session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in Italy and the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Argentina. Ketema obtained his M.Sc. and Ph.D. in plant breeding from the University of London.

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David King
Secretary General, International Federation of Agricultural Producers (IFAP)

As head of the permanent Secretariat of IFAP in Paris, King has responsibility for preparing the policy positions of IFAP, representing the views of the world's farmers at international meetings, and briefing member organizations on the international well-being and livelihoods of farmers. Most of IFAP's member organizations come from developing countries. Born on a farm in England, King has devoted his professional life to working for farmers, first in the Canadian Federation of Agriculture and then in IFAP. King has participated in many international events, including the World Food Summit in Rome, the United Nations World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, the World Trade Organization Ministerial Conferences in Seattle, Doha, and Cancun, and the IFRPI 2020 Vision conference in Bonn. He has agricultural economics degrees from Wye College, University of London, and the University of Guelph, Canada.

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Joseph Kinyua
Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture, Kenya

Before becoming permanent secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture, Joseph Kinyua served as, among other things, director of research and chief economist of the Central Bank of Kenya, an economist with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), financial secretary of the Ministry of Finance, permanent secretary of the Treasury, and permanent secretary in the Ministry of Planning and National Development. He was instrumental in the formulation of key policy reforms from 1995 to 2000, including removal of exchange control, liberalization of the current and capital accounts of the balance of payments, liberalization of the shilling exchange rate, and establishment of Kenya Revenue Authority. He holds a B.A. and M.A. in economics from Nairobi University.

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Johann Frederick Kirsten
Professor and Head, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension, and Rural Development, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Before joining the University of Pretoria in 1992, Johann Frederick Kirsten was an agricultural economist in the Department of Agriculture of South Africa and agricultural attaché at the South African Embassy in London. He is a part-time member of the National Agricultural Marketing Council and has been chairperson of Food Price Monitoring Committee. Kirsten earned a B.Sc. in agricultural economics from the University of Stellenbosch and an M.Sc. and Ph.D. in agricultural economics from the University of Pretoria. He has published extensively on agricultural issues affecting South Africa.

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Wilberforce Kisamba-Mugerwa
Minister of Agriculture, Animal Industry, and Fisheries, Uganda

In addition to his position as minister of agriculture, Wilberforce Kisamba-Mugerwa is a member of Parliament and a senior research associate with the Makerere Institute of Social Research, Makerere University, in Kampala. He holds a doctorate in agricultural economics and has a strong background in research, with particular interest in the management of natural resources for sustainable use and food security. He is a member of various research networks and regional and international associations.

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Mamadou Kone
Minister of Scientific Research, Côte d'Ivoire

Before becoming Côte d'Ivoire's minister of scientific research in 2003, Mamadou Kone was chief analyst for the general director at the Caisse Autonome d'Amortissement (Independent Redemption Fund), assistant manager of operations with the Direction de la Gestion de la Dette Publique (Directorate for Public Debt Management), and then general director of the Abidjan Port Authority. He earned a B.S. in economics from the University of Quebec, Canada, and an M.A. in development banking from the American University, USA.

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Rosebud Kurwijila
Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture, African Union

Rosebud Kurwijila, a Tanzanian citizen, has been a senior agricultural training officer in her country's Ministry of Agricultural Training Institutions; a lecturer in the Department of Rural Economy and Agribusiness of Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania; and a consultant and program manager for various international organizations. She holds a bachelor's degree in agriculture from Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania; a master's degree in agricultural economics from the University of London; and a master's of philosophy in development economics from the University of East Anglia, UK.

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Mohand Laenser
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Morocco

Mohand Laenser has held several high political offices in Morocco. From 1981 to 1992 he was minister of post and telecommunications. He has also been secretary general of the political party Mouvement Populaire and served as a national parliamentary deputy. Laenser is a graduate of ENAP (Ecole Nationale de l'Administration Publique), Rabat, Morocco, and of ENT (Ecole Nationale des Telecommunications), Paris.

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William Lyakurwa
Executive Director, African Economic Research Consortium (AERC)

Since joining the AERC in 1993, William Lyakurwa has held the positions of director of training and deputy executive director as well as most recently executive director. Before coming to the AERC, Lyakurwa was a senior trade promotion adviser at the International Trade Centre, Geneva, taught economics at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and served as director of research and planning at the Tanzania Board of External Trade. He received his Ph.D. from Cornell University after undergraduate and postgraduatestudy at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

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Graça Machel
President, Foundation for Community Development, Mozambique; former Special Reporter to the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children; and former Minister of Education, Mozambique

Graca Machel is a well-known international advocate for children who served as minister of education for Mozambique from 1983 to 1989 and produced a groundbreaking report on the impact of war on children for the United Nations in 1996. She is a member of numerous international boards, including the United Nations Foundation, the South Centre, and the United Nations University. She has received many honorary degrees and awards, including 2001 KORA Lifetime Achievement Award; the Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic by HM Juan Carlos I, King of Spain; the North-South Prize of the Council of Europe; the Inter-Press Service International Achievement Award; and Global Citizen Award. In addition to her current position as president of Mozambique's Foundation for Community Development, she is chancellor of the University of Cape Town.

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Charlotte V. McClain
Commissioner, South African Human Rights Commission

Charlotte V. McClain joined the South African Human Rights Commission in August 1999. She focuses on socioeconomic rights and is responsible for Mpumalanga Province. She has served on the commission's Children's Rights and Disability Committees since 1997. McClain has always been involved with human rights issues, particularly for children and people with special needs. She was project officer on child protection for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). She helped draft provincial policy for street children in South Africa and convened a team to establish a national register for sexual offenders against children. She is a member of the South African Law Commission Project Committee on sexual offenses by and against children and was legal adviser to the Disability Desk in the Office of the Deputy President during 1996. McClain has been a member of international delegations on child issues, disability institutes, and steering committees and has consulted and researched extensively on children's rights.

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M. Peter McPherson
President, Michigan State University

M. Peter McPherson, president of Michigan State University since 1993, has had a distinguished career in international development and finance. He has been administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development, deputy secretary of the U.S. Treasury Department, and an executive of Bank of America. From April to October 2003 he was director of economic policy for the Coalition Provisional Authority of Iraq. He was also the founder of the Partnership to Cut Hunger in Africa, which works to increase donor work in agricultural and rural income.

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Moïse Mensah
Former Minister of Finance and Minister of Rural Development, Benin

Moïse Mensah is one of the leading spokespersons for agricultural research in Sub-Saharan Africa. In addition to his ministerial posts, he has served as assistant president of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and vice-chairperson and executive secretary of the Consultative Group on Food Production and Investment in developing countries (CGFPI). He has served on several boards of trustees in the CGIAR system and has been chair of the board of the International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR) and chair of the International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA, now ILRI). In 1993 he led external reviews of the International Centre for Research on Agroforestry (ICRAF, now the World Agroforestry Center) and of the World Bank Special Program for African Agricultural Research (SPAAR). He had previously chaired a special review that led to the revival of the West African Rice Development Association (WARDA).

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Asha-Rose Migiro
Member of Parliament, Tanzania, and Minister for Community Development, Gender, and Children

Asha-Rose Migiro, member of Parliament of Tanzania, has been minister for community development, gender, and children since 2000. Migiro was previously a senior lecturer at the Faculty of Law of the University of Dar Es Salaam and an advocate of the High Court of Tanzania. She earned an L.I.B. and L.L.M. at the University of Dar Es Salaam and a Dr. jur. at the University of Konstanz, Germany.

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Isaac Minde
Coordinator, Eastern and Central Africa Programme for Agricultural Policy Analysis (ECAPAPA)

As coordinator of ECPAPA, Isaac Minde of Tanzania is based on Entebbe, Uganda. From 1990 to 1993 he was chairman of the Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness at the Sokoine University of Agriculture, and from 1993 to 1996 he was an economist with the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture. In 1996 he joined the Agricultural Policy Research Unit at Bunda College, University of Malawi. Minde holds a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Michigan State University.

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Nicholas W. Minot
Research Fellow, Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division, IFPRI

Since joining IFPRI in 1997, Nicholas Minot has carried out research on agricultural market reform, fertilizer policy, fruit and vegetable markets, and the spatial patterns in poverty, working in Benin, Egypt, Malawi, Tanzania, and Viet Nam. He is the leader of a research program on strategies for promoting the participation of small farmers in high-value agricultural commodity supply chains. Before joining IFPRI, he taught at the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign and worked as a policy adviser in Zimbabwe and as a survey analyst in Rwanda. He also carried out research on agricultural marketing in Bolivia, Cameroon, and Peru, on small enterprises in Laos, and on household budgets in Paraguay. A U.S. citizen, he received his Ph.D. and M.S. in agricultural economics from Michigan State University and his B.A. in international development from Brown University.

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Richard Mkandawire
Advisor on Agriculture, New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)

Richard Mkandawire is a socioeconomist with both an academic and a development practitioner's background. He has taught in the Universities of Malawi, Zambia, and Venda in South Africa. From 1992 to 1999, he worked with the Commonwealth Youth Programme as the regional director for Africa. He has conducted research and consultations in such areas as food policy and agriculture, gender and development, and irrigation development. He is the author of two books (Food Policy and Agriculture in Southern Africa and Livelihood Pathways: Emerging Issues and Challenges for Young Women and Men in Africa) and is also a member of the Technical Advisory Board of Global Environmental Change and Food Systems (GECAFS).

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Uzo Mokwunye
Director, United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa

Before taking his present position in 1996, Uzo Mokwunye worked for the International Fertilizer Development Center, where he served in several capacities, including director for seven years. Mokwunye has also served as professor and head of the Department of Soil Science at Ahmadu Bello University in Nigeria. Among other appointments, he is currently chair of the Governing Board of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), a member of the Advisory Board of the Africa Bureau of the United Nations Development Programme, first editor-in-chief of the Samaru Journal of Agricultural Research, and a member of a panel set up by the Federal Government of Nigeria to study problems associated with handling of fertilizers and soil amendments. Mokwunye received his B.S. and M.S. from Ohio State University and Ph.D. from the University of Illinois.

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Mildred Namwiinde Mpundu
Executive Director, Media and Communication, Step Out Media Communications and Business Development Consultancy Services, and outgoing Assistant Features Editor, Times Printpak, Lusaka, Zambia

Mildred Namwiinde Mpundu has 14 years' work experience as a print reporter and editor. She has specialized in HIV/AIDS, health, environment, and development journalism, and she has made several contributions to local and international publications and research on HIV/AIDS and other topics. She holds a diploma in journalism and a B.A. in development studies from the University of Zambia.

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Kankonde Mukadi
Professor, Protestant University of the Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo

Kankonde Mukadi is an agroeconomist who teaches agricultural research methodologies, agricultural project preparation and evaluation, and environmental economics. He is a professor at the University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN) and the Protestant University of Congo. He is also the coordinator of the Food Security Project (PROSECA) at the UNIKIN Agronomy Department. He holds a Ph.D. in agronomy.

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Eusebius J. Mukhwana
Director, Sustainable Agriculture Centre for Research, Extension and Development in Africa (SACRED Africa)

Eusebius J. Mukhwana is director of SACRED Africa, an NGO operating in East and Southern Africa to facilitate increased agricultural productivity and income by smallholder farmers while protecting and enhancing the environment. He holds a bachelor's degree in veterinary medicine and an M.Sc. in pharmacology and environmental toxicology, both from the University of Nairobi, Kenya. For more than 13 years he worked with several international NGOs and was a lecturer at Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya. He has undertaken extensive research and consultancies in the area of maize marketing, is widely traveled, and is a recipient of several international prestigious awards for his work in improving the lives of rural poor farmers in Africa.

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Harris Mule
Executive Director, Top Investment and Management Services, and former Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance and Planning, Kenya

Harris Mule is a development economist and policy analyst. During his international development career, he has served as a planner in the Kenyan Ministries of Agriculture and Planning, chief economist in the Ministry of Planning, and permanent secretary in the Ministry of Finance and Planning. He has also served as an assistant president of economic planning at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). During the past 15 years, he has worked as an economic consultant in the fields of macroeconomic policy, economic governance, and agricultural development with several international organizations. Mule has long been involved in initiatives to strengthen capacity for policy formulation and analysis in Africa. He has served on the Board of Trustees of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and is currently a member of IFPRI's 2020 Advisory Council as well as chair of the Regional Advisory Committee for IFPRI's 2020 Vision Network for East Africa.

Robbie Matongo Mupawose

Robbie Matongo Mupawose

Robbie Matongo Mupawose has served Zimbabwe as secretary for lands, resettlement, and rural development (1981-82) and secretary for agriculture (later secretary for lands, agriculture, and rural resettlement; 1982-87). From 1987 to 1996 he was director of the Zimbabwe Leaf Tobacco Company. He earned his B.Sc. from Pius XII College in Lesotho, his M.S. from the University of California-Davis, USA, and his Ph.D. from the University of Zimbabwe.

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Janet Kataaha Museveni
First Lady of the Republic of Uganda

In addition to her role as the wife of a head of state, Mrs. Museveni is founder and patron of a number of nongovernmental organizations aimed at improving the quality of life of Uganda's people, especially women and children. She is founder and partron of Uganda Women's Effort to Save Orphans (UWESO), which reaches out to vulnerable and orphaned children, and she started the Organization of African First Ladies Against AIDS (OAFLA). She is founder and chairperson of the National Strategy for the Advancement of Rural Women in Uganda (NSARWU), whose objective is economic empowerment of rural women, and founder and patron of the Uganda Forum, which seeks to help give the young people of Uganda a sense of direction, morally and culturally. The patron of many other organizations, Mrs. Museveni is often called upon to address international fora on various subjects, including social developmental issues.

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Erastus J. O. Mwencha
Secretary-General, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)

Erastus J. O. Mwencha was appointed secretary-general of COMESA in June 1998. Mwencha has been closely associated with the development of COMESA and its predecessor, the Preferential Trade Area for Eastern and Southern Africa. He joined the PTA as a senior officer in 1983 and was promoted to director for industry, energy, and environment in 1987. Before joining the PTA/COMESA, Mwencha worked for the Government of Kenya in various capacities, including director of a number of public enterprises, head of the Department of Industry, and senior economist in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Mwencha was awarded the "Moran of the Burning Spear" by the President of the Republic of Kenya in recognition of his contribution to national and regional development.

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Hamid Narjisse
Director, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA), Morocco

Hamid Narjisse was appointed director of INRA in 2001. Previously he was a professor at the National School of Agriculture of Meknès, then in the Agronomic and Veterinary Institute Hassan II in Rabat, and he has been an adjunct professor at the College of Natural Resources at Utah State University, USA. Narjisse has published extensively and been a consultant to many international agencies. He is a scientific adviser to the Swedish International Foundation for Science, an adviser to the Technical and Scientific Council of the Sahara and Sahel Observatory, a member of the steering committee for the consultative process of science and technology sponsored by the World Bank, and a member of the advisory group to the CGIAR panel on review of partnership committees. He earned his Ph.D. in rangeland ecology at Utah State University, USA.

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Tidiane Ngaido
Research Fellow, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)

Tidiane Ngaido joined IFPRI and ICARDA in 1996 to study the links between property rights, technology adoption, investments, productivity, and rangeland management in the arid and semi-arid zones of West Asia and North Africa. Before joining IFPRI and ICARDA, he was a research assistant at the Land Tenure Center of the University Wisconsin-Madison. He has also been a consultant for the U.S. Agency for International Development, Development Alternatives Inc., the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the World Bank, the International Development Research Centre, and the Land Tenure Center of the University of the Wisconsin-Madison. A citizen of Senegal, he holds a license in physical and human geography from the University of Cheikh Anta Diop, Senegal, and master's degrees in agricultural economics and land resources and a Ph.D. in land resources, all from the University of the Wisconsin-Madison.

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Poul Nielson
Member, European Commission

Poul Nielson of Denmark has been a member of the European Commission in charge of development and humanitarian aid since 1999. He previously served as minister for development co-operation, member of the Nordic Council, minister for energy, chairman of several Social Democratic Party committees, delegate to the United Nations General Assembly, and chair or member of numerous boards. Commissioner Nielson graduated in political science from Arhus University in 1972.

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Bongiwe Njobe
Director General, National Department of Agriculture, South Africa

Bongiwe Njobe has been director general of the National Department of Agriculture since 1997. Previously she held the posts of deputy director of programmes, information, and administration and chief director of resource conservation and plant and quality control in the same institution. Njobe's past experience in agriculture covers farm management; academic work at the School of Agricultural and Rural Development at the University of Pretoria; business experience managing Whitbi Enterprises; and gender issues and land and agricultural policy matters through positions at the Agrarian Project (a policy management NGO), the African National Congress Land Commission, and the Foundation for Research Development. She holds a master's degree in agriculture from Belgium.

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Wiseman Lumkile Nkuhlu
Economic Advisor to the President of the Republic of South Africa, and Chairman, Steering Committee of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)

Wiseman Lumkile Nkuhlu has had a distinguished career in accountancy, business, and education. Nkuhlu studied at the Universities of Fort Hare and Cape Town and New York University and began his career with Hoek Wiehahn and Cross (later Price Waterhouse). He has lectured at the University of Fort Hare and the University of Transkei, and he served as principal and vice chancellor of the University of Transkei from 1987 to 1991. He has also served as a director of a number of major companies and played a leading role in development as chief executive of the Independent Development Trust and chairman of the Development Bank of Southern Africa. He was appointed the first chairman of the Council on Higher Education.

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Kanayo F. Nwanze
Director General, WARDA-The Africa Rice Center

Kanayo F. Nwanze has close to 30 years of extensive experience in international agricultural research, research management, and development work in Sub-Saharan Africa (Anglophone and Francophone countries) and Asia with the centers of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Nwanze is a member of several scientific associations and a board member of several Africa-based institutions. In 2001, he was conferred with the title Commander of the National Order of Merit of Cote d'Ivoire in recognition of his outstanding leadership of WARDA and service to the West African subregion. Nwanze holds a B.Sc. in agricultural biology from the University of Ibadan, Nigeria, and an M.Sc. and Ph.D. in entomology from Kansas State University, USA.

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Willis Oluoch-Kosura
Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics, University of Nairobi, Kenya

Willis Oluoch-Kosura is on leave from the University of Nairobi to coordinate the planning of the proposed collaborative master's program in agricultural and applied economics in Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa, an initiative of 16 universities in 12 countries, facilitated by IFPRI and housed by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in Nairobi. Oluoch-Kosura has been a consultant to a number of organizations and has contributed to the formulation of many policy documents in Kenya. He has received awards from, among others, the Rockefeller Foundation, IDRC, the Ford Foundation, and the University of Nairobi. He obtained his B.Sc. in agriculture from the University of Nairobi, master's degree in agricultural development economics from the Australian National University, and Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Cornell University, USA.

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Steven Were Omamo
Network Coordinator, 2020 Vision Network for East Africa, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Steven Were Omamo joined IFPRI and the 2020 Vision Network in 2002. Before joining IFPRI, Omamo was a research fellow with the International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR), leading a project at the Eastern and Central Africa Program for Agricultural Policy Analysis (ECAPAPA). Omamo's previous positions include research scientist at the International Livestock Research Institute, technical adviser at the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, lecturer at Egerton University in Kenya, and consultant to the Rockefeller Foundation. His research interests revolve around the economics of small-scale farming. Omamo received a bachelor's degree in agricultural business from California State University, a master's degree in agricultural economics from the University of Connecticut, a master's degree in international development policy from the Food Research Institute (FRI) at Stanford University, and a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from FRI.

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John Joseph Otim
Special Presidential Advisor, Agriculture and Veterinary Services, The Republic of Uganda, and President, Uganda Agricultural Council

Dr. John Joseph Otim currently serves as Special Advisor on Agriculture and Veterinary Services, President of the Agricultural Council of Uganda (ACU), Chairman of Regional Farmers' Organizations Network (REFON) Steering Committee for Eastern and Central Africa, Chairman of the Agricultural Policy Network of Uganda (APONU) Steering Committee, Member of the National Steering Committee (NSC) for the Plan for Modernisation of Agriculture (PMA) in Uganda, the National Coordinator for Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa Initiative, and Chairman of the Advisory Committee of Community-Based Forum for Women Groups engaged in Food and Nutrition Activities. Previously, he served as Member of Parliament (MP) and Minister of Animal Industry and Fisheries. He lectured in the Faculties of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicines, Makerere University and Nairobi University respectively. He worked as Principal Research Officer and Deputy In-Charge of Research and Outreach Programmes in then Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Dr. Otim earned a B.Sc. in Agriculture and M.Sc. in Animal Production from Makerere University, Kampala and a Ph.D. in Animal Nutrition and Veterinary Physiology from Saskatchewan University, Canada.

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Norah Owaraga
Executive Secretary, Uganda Change Agent Association

Norah Owaraga has worked for the Uganda Change Agent Association since 1992 (from 1992 to 1997 as part of Quaker Service Norway). Her work with the Change Agent program has given her a wealth of practical knowledge in grassroots, self-reliant, participatory rural development. Her interest is in the area of development financing and how it affects development in general and the peoples of Southern countries, such as Uganda, in particular. She has also completed three years of studies (distance learning) for a master in science in development management with the Open University, UK.

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Martine Padilla
Development Economist and Policy Analyst, Mediterranean Agronomic Institute, Montpellier, France

Martine Padilla is a senior research fellow and manages the Agro-food Department in the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute. She is also a teacher and manages a master of science training program on public choice in agriculture and food. She has been a consultant to such agencies as the European Union and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). She has published widely on food policies, food consumption, and food security in the Mediterranean countries. Padilla received her Ph.D. in economics and direction of research habilitation from the University of Montpellier 1.

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Rajul Pandya-Lorch
Head, 2020 Vision for Food, Agriculture, and the Environment Initiative, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Rajul Pandya-Lorch, a Kenyan citizen of Indian origin, is head of IFPRI's 2020 Vision for Food, Agriculture, and the Environment Initiative, a global initiative that seeks to identify solutions for meeting world food needs while reducing poverty and protecting the environment. Before taking her current position, Pandya-Lorch was special assistant to IFPRI's director general. An IFPRI staff member since 1987, she has focused her research on trends in and prospects for global food security and on policies to alleviate and prevent food insecurity, poverty, and environmental degradation, with particular emphasis on sustainable development in Sub-Saharan Africa. In 2002 the American Agricultural Economics Association presented Pandya-Lorch, along with Per Pinstrup-Andersen and Mark Rosegrant, with its award for Distinguished Policy Contribution. Pandya-Lorch earned a bachelor's degree in economics from Wellesley College and a master's degree in public and international affairs from Princeton University.

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John Pender
Senior Research Fellow, International Food Policy Research Institute

John Pender leads IFPRI's research program on policies for sustainable development of less-favored lands. Pender joined IFPRI in 1995 after working as an assistant professor of economics at Brigham Young University. He received a bachelor's degree from the California Institute of Technology, a master's degree in public policy from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Stanford University. He is the author of numerous publications, including "Strategies for Sustainable Development in the Ethiopian Highlands," and the coeditor of the IFPRI 2020 Focus Brief series "Promoting Sustainable Development in Less-Favored Areas."

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Per Pinstrup-Andersen
H. E. Babcock Professor of Food and Nutrition Policy, Cornell University, and Professor of Development Economics, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Denmark

Before assuming his current positions, Pinstrup-Andersen was the director general of IFPRI from 1992 to 2002. He had previously been director of the Cornell Food and Nutrition Policy Program, professor of food economics at Cornell University, member of the Technical Advisory Committee of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, research fellow and director of the Food Consumption and Nutrition Policy Program at IFPRI, agricultural economist at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), director of the Agro-Economic Division at the International Fertilizer Development Center, and an associate professor of the Danish Veterinary and Agricultural University in Copenhagen. He holds a B.S. in agricultural economics from the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University in Denmark and an M.S. and Ph.D. from Oklahoma State University. Pinstrup-Andersen is the recipient of the 2001 World Food Prize.

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Hans-Joachim Preuss
Secretary General, Deutsche Welthungerhilfe (German Agro Action)

Hans-Joachim Preuss is an agricultural economist who served as director of programs at Deutsche Welthungerhilfe for six years before being named secretary general in 2003. He began his professional career working on rural development projects in Mauritania and Benin for the German Agency for Technical Co-operation (GTZ). Preuss has also worked as a lecturer at the Centre for Regional Development Research of the University of Giessen and been a senior management adviser on strategy planning at GTZ.

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Courage Emmanuel Kobla Quashigah (Maj. Rtd.)
Minister of Food and Agriculture, Ghana

Courage Quashigah received his training at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, UK, and received a certificate in general management from the Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration. Quashigah had a distinguished military career, during which he earned many awards and commendations. He was a national organizer of Ghana's New Patriotic Party from 1996 to 2000 and has served as minister of food and agriculture since 2001.

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Mark W. Rosegrant
Director, Environment and Production Technology Division, International Food Policy Research Institute

Rosegrant has 25 years of experience in research and policy analysis in agriculture and economic development, with an emphasis on how water issues affect world food security, rural livelihoods, and environmental sustainability. He holds a joint appointment as a principal researcher with the International Water Management Institute (IWMI). Rosegrant developed IFPRI's International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT), which has become a standard for projecting global and regional food demand, supply, trade, and prices, and IMPACT-WATER, which integrates a detailed water supply and demand model with the food model. He holds a Ph.D. in public policy from the University of Michigan.

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Omukama (King) of Tooro Rukirabasaija Oyo Nyimba Kabambaiguru Rukidi IV

Oyo Nyimba Kabambaiguru Rukidi IV, son of the late King Patrick David Mathew Kaboyo Olimi II and Queen Mother, Owekitiinisa Best Kemigisha Olimi, was crowned 12th king of the 170-year-old Tooro Kingdom on September 11, 1995. He is a pupil at Kabira International School, Kampala, Uganda.

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Mandivamba Rukuni
Program Director, W. K. Kellogg Foundation, Pretoria, South Africa

Rukuni, a national of Zimbabwe, was a professor of agricultural economics at the University of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 2000. He has written extensively on food security issues in southern and eastern Africa. Now a member of IFPRI's Board of Trustees, he collaborated with IFPRI on a study of smallholder irrigation in Zimbabwe. He has chaired several commissions and panels for the government of Zimbabwe and been a consultant to many international organizations, bilateral air agencies, and private companies. He received his B.Sc. and D.Phil. degrees from the University of Zimbabwe and his M.Sc. from the University of Reading in the United Kingdom.

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James G. Ryan
Visiting Fellow, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies at the Australian National University

James G. Ryan is an agricultural economist who has published widely on the economics of agricultural research and technological change in developing countries, including implications for employment and human nutrition, and on the formulation of strategies and priorities in agricultural research and development. He was leader of the Economics Program at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) in Hyderabad India (1974-83), deputy director of the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (1983-91), and director general of ICRISAT (1991-97). He is a fellow of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology.

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Soumana Sako
Executive Secretary, African Capacity Building Foundation

Before joining the African Capacity Building Foundation, Soumana Sako served the Government of Mali in many positions, including deputy minister of public enterprises, minister of finance and commerce, deputy accountant-general in the Office of the President of the Republic, and prime minister, head of the transition government. Sako has also served as United Nations Development Programme principal economist in the Central African Republic, the Comoros, and Madagascar; member of the team of high-level African experts on the Strategic Partnership with Africa; and chair of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa group of high-level African experts on development management and privatization. He has also been professor of public finance and development economics at the University of Mali in Bamako and visiting regents' lecturer at the University of California, Los Angeles. He obtained his master's degree and Ph.D. at the University of Pittsburgh, USA.

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Ebrahim M. Samba
Regional Director, WHO Africa Regional Office

Ebrahim M. Samba, a native of The Gambia, attended postsecondary school at the University of Ghana, Legon, completed his MB.BS studies in medicine at the National University of Ireland, and pursued studies in surgery at the Royal Infirmary University of Edinburgh, Scotland. Besides working as a clinician and public health practitioner in The Gambia, he has served as director of the Onchocerciasis Control Programme (OCP) in West Africa and has been regional director for the WHO Africa Regional Office since 1994. In 1992 he won the prestigious Africa Prize of the Hunger Project for his exceptional management of the recently terminated OCP in its final stage in eradicating river blindness in 11 countries in West Africa. In 2003 Samba received the Distinguished Service Award of the New York-based International Health Medical Education Consortium (IHMEC).

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Pedro A. Sanchez
Director of Tropical Agriculture and Senior Research Scholar, Earth Institute of Columbia University

Pedro A. Sanchez has dedicated his professional career to improving the management of tropical soils through integrated natural resource management approaches designed to help achieve food security and reduce rural poverty while protecting and enhancing the environment. From 1991 to 2001 Sanchez was director general of the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya. A native of Cuba, Sanchez received his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Cornell University, USA. He has lived in the Philippines (working at the International Rice Research Institute), Peru (working at the National Research Institute), Colombia (working at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture), and Kenya. A prolific author of scientific publications, Sanchez received the World Food Prize in 2002 and a MacArthur Fellowship in 2004.

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Victoria Sekitoleko
Subregional representative for Southern and East Africa, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Victoria Sekitoleko joined the FAO as a director and subregional representative based in Zimbabwe in 1995. Before joining the FAO, she worked in the Uganda Development Bank (1973-86); as deputy minister for agriculture and forestry in the Government of Uganda (1986-88); and as minister of agriculture, livestock, and fisheries (1988-95). Before entering politics, she was the chairperson of the Women's Non-Governmental Organization of Uganda.

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Carlos Seré
Director General, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)

Carlos Seré has more than 20 years of experience in agricultural research, with an emphasis on livestock. Before joining ILRI as director general in January 2002, he was director of the regional office of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC, Canada) for Latin America and the Caribbean. He has successfully engaged policymakers in the design and use of research products in various international research initiatives. He has worked as a consultant with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and various CGIAR centers and as a senior economist with the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) in Colombia. He holds a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart, Germany.

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Wole Soyinka
Professor Emeritus, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria; Director of Literary Arts, International Institute of Modern Letters, University of Nevada

Essentially a playwright, Wole Soyinka is also an essayist, poet, novelist, and theater director. A recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature, he writes works that explore "the African worldview and are steeped in Yoruba mythology, imagery, and dramatic idioms." His plays have been widely performed around the world. Soyinka frequently lectures as a visiting professor/distinguished scholar at African, American, and European universities, and he is currently director of Literary Arts, International Institute of Modern Letters, University of Nevada, and professor emeritus at Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

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Tobias Takavarasha
Chief Executive Officer, Food, Agriculture, and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network of Southern Africa

In 1980 Tobias Takavarasha joined the Zimbabwe Ministry of Agriculture, where he served as farm management economist, assistant secretary for agricultural marketing, chief agricultural economist, deputy secretary for agricultural policy and planning, and permanent secretary for the Ministry of Agriculture (later the Ministry of Lands and Agriculture). In May 2003 he was appointed to a Presidential Land Review Committee to assist the Government of Zimbabwe in addressing land reform issues. Takavarasha received his B.A. Hon. in economics from Birmingham University, his M.A. in agricultural economics from the University of Leeds, and his Ph.D. in agricultural policy from the University of Zimbabwe. He has wide experience on regional and international agricultural policy issues and has published several papers on agricultural marketing and food security policies.

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Andrew E. Temu
Visiting Research Fellow, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Andrew E. Temu is an associate professor at the Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania. He is currently a visiting research fellow at IFPRI, where he works with the Training for Capacity Strengthening Program. Temu's main areas of specialization are rural financial institutions; research on and design of credit programs; and appraisal, evaluation, management, monitoring, and impact assessment of rural development projects. He earned a B.Sc. in agriculture from the Sokoine University of Agriculture, an M.Sc. in agricultural economics from Reading University, UK, and a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Wye College, University of London, UK.

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Eugene Terry
Implementing Director, African Agricultural Technology Foundation

Eugene Terry is a plant pathologist by training and an agricultural research and development specialist with 35 years of professional experience in research, research management, technology generation, and dissemination. Terry was the first director general of the West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA) in Bouake, Cote d'Ivoire. He held that position for nine years before joining the World Bank, first as an adviser and later as a crops adviser. Terry is currently the implementing director of the African Agricultural Technology Foundation, a public/private sector partnership that promotes access and delivery of advanced agricultural technology for resource-poor African farmers. He is also chairman of the Board of Trustees of the World Agroforestry Centre in Nairobi, Kenya.

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Alhaji Bamanga Tukur
Group Chairman, BHI Holdings Limited (Daddo Group of Companies), Nigeria

Alhaji Tukur is group chairman of BHI Holdings Limited, executive president of the African Business RoundTable, and chairman of the Business Group of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). Previously he served as ports manager of the Lagos Port Complex and as general manager and chief executive of the Nigerian Ports Authority. Alhaji Tukur has held numerous national appointments in Nigeria, including the directorships of the Nigerian Railway Corporation, the Nigerian National Shipping Line, Nigeria Airways, Central Water Transportation Company, and the Board of Customs and Exercise. In 1994 and 1995 he was a member of the Federal Executive Council and Honourable Minister of Industries of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Alhaji Tukur has been bestowed with the National Honour of the Commander of the Order of the Mono by President Gnassingbe Eyadema of Togo in recognition of his contribution to business in Africa and with the Nigerian National Award of the Commander of the Order of the Niger-CON by H.E. Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

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Joachim von Braun
Director General, International Food Policy Research Institute

Before becoming director general of IFPRI in September 2002, von Braun was director of the Center for Development Research at the University of Bonn, Germany. His research and policy advice focus on poverty reduction, technological innovation, and governance and trade policies. Recent books by von Braun address issues of poverty and famine in Africa, biotechnology in developing countries, transformation of Russia's agriculture, the future of villages and agricultural commercialization, and economic development. Von Braun earned his Ph.D. in agricultural economics from the University of Göttingen in Germany.

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Florence Muringi Wambugu
Chief Executive Officer, A Harvest Biotech Foundation International (AHBFI)

Florence Muringi Wambugu is an agricultural plant pathologist with a specialization in virology and genetic engineering for viral diseases crop protection. She participates in both the Gates Foundation and the United Nations Hunger Task Force. A strong believer in the power of biotechnology to boost food production, she has participated in many international forums in support of biotechnology for developing countries and Africa. The author of dozens of papers in local and international journals and publications, she wrote and published the book Modifying Africa: How Biotechnology Can Benefit the Poor and the Hungry: A Case Study from Kenya. Wambugu has received numerous awards, including the "Woman of the Year Award" from the American Biographical Institute.

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Alan Whiteside
Director, Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division, University of KwaZulu-Natal

Alan Whiteside was born in Kenya but grew up in Swaziland, where he attended Waterford Kamhlaba College. He has a BA. (development studies) and an M.A. (development economics) from the University of East Anglia and a D.Econ. from the University of Natal. He has been an Overseas Development Institute fellow working as a planning officer (economist) in the Ministry of Finance and Development, Gaborone, Botswana, and he has been a research fellow in the Economic Research Unit of the University of Natal (now the University of KwaZulu-Natal). In 1998 he established the Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division at the university. In 1990 Whiteside started the newsletter AIDS Analysis Africa and edited it until 2002. He is the coauthor of the books AIDS: The Challenge for South Africa (with Clem Sunter; 2000) and AIDS in the Twenty-First Century: Disease and Globalisation (with Tony Barnett; 2002).

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El Sayed Ali Ahmed Zaki
Former Minister of Finance and Economic Planning, Sudan

El Sayed Ali Ahmed Zaki has held a number of distinguished government positions related to public investment and development programs in Sudan. From 1983 to 1989 he was first undersecretary of planning, and from 1989 to 1990 he served as minister of finance and economic planning. He is currently a management and economics consultant. Zaki has been a member of the board of directors of numerous public and private corporations and is now chairman of West Kordofan University and chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Electricity Corporation, Sudan. Zaki holds a B.Sc. in agriculture and an M.Sc. in agricultural economics from the University of Khartoum, and an M.A. in macroeconomics and a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Michigan State University, USA.

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